Cognitive Behvioral Therapy (CBT)


Cognitive Behvioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of interventions positing that certain mental disorders and problem behaviours are maintained by maladaptive cognitions (Beck, 1970). The basic CBT model posits that therapeutic strategies chaging these maladaptive cognitions will lead to changes in emotional distress and problematic behaviors. From this basic principle, a large number of condition-specific CBT protocols have been developed over time, with the treatment of anxiety and depression as the most targeted outcomes for this type of intervention (Dragioti et al., 2017).


Currently, core principles of CBT include (American Psychological Association, 2017):

CBT treatment usually involves efforts to change thinking patterns. These strategies might include:

CBT treatment also usually involves efforts to change behavioral patterns. These strategies might include::

In the database

In the database, the meta-analyses exploring the efficacy of CBT on social-communication include clinical trials conducted among school-age children with ASD without major cognitive difficulties. The interventions are dispensed by a professional at a low intensity (< 2 hours per week) and for a relatively short period (during two to six months).

Additional resources

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