Since the beginning of the development of interventions for children with ASDs, some authors have given parents a privileged position in the intervention process (e.g., Schopler, 1971). Parents-mediated interventions (PMI) propose to teach intervention techniques to parents so that they can apply these techniques with their child on a regular basis. The objective of involving parents is to implement a first interventions very early in the child's development and, because of the sharing of the daily environment, to improve the generalization of the skills learned by the child during the intervention.
The type of intervention that can be mediated by parents is very wide, ranging from application of massages to an early intensive behavioral intervention. Even within PMI that provide psychosocial interventions, some interventions propose to teach parents to implement social-communication interactions, others to use joint attention or to implement an applied behavioral analysis approach. The primary outcome intrinsecally targeted by these interventions can be quite variable, with interventions seeking to improve primarily problem behaviors, communication, or parent-child interactions (Oono et al., 2013)
The meta-analyses included in this database reflect this heterogeneity in the approaches used by PMI. However, despite the diversity of approaches used by the clinical trials included in the meta-analyses of PMI, there are common points: